In the industrial sector, in order to cope with the rapid advance of the industrial structure, it is essential to secure highly qualified foreign human resources (technology, humanistic knowledge and International Services) with advanced skills and knowledge, such as IT engineers, various kinds of engineers, and English teachers at kindergartens, elementary schools, junior high schools, and English language schools has become an urgent matter for the employment of highly qualified personnel in these industries.
As the 21 century is said to be an era of keen competition for human resources, in addition to the demand for human resources from the United States, the Middle East, and other countries that were the overwhelming majority of workers, there has recently been a surge in demand from China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and other European countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom.
The announcement of the "Forecasts of industries that will lose manpower in the next 10 years" by Harvard University came as a shock to industry. Without waiting for this Harvard University announcement, it is obvious that the simpler the labor is, the more it is replaced by machines, but the rapid spread of IT/AI technology is expanding and accelerating the range of industries that do not require simple labor.
Unfortunately, until this recently our country employed only a small number of highly qualified foreign workers from these times. Recently, however, the demand for highly skilled Filipino human resources has begun to grow, and large companies and recruitment agencies have flooded in with inquiries about highly skilled Filipino human resources. The Government of Japan aims to double the number of foreign IT personnel from 30,000 to 60,000 by 2020.
According to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, the number of foreign workers was approximately 1.28 million as of the end of October 2017. Those who are called "highly skilled foreign personnel" are among the 238, 000 people who do what is called "specialized and technical fields". Foreigners who wish to stay in Japan for the medium to long term must obtain "Status of Residence" in accordance with the (Immigration Control Act) "Immigration Control Act and Refugee Recognition Act". When an ordinary company is considering the use of highly skilled foreign human resources, it is assumed that this status of residence will provide work equivalent to "specialized and technical fields". Among the statuses of residence equivalent to this "specialized and technical fields", "Technical, Specialist in Humanities and International Services" is the most common.
In 2015, the "highly professional" visa, which specializes in highly skilled foreign nationals, was newly established. Under the new visa, foreign nationals who wish to stay in Japan for a long period of time among highly skilled foreign nationals are granted a 5 year visa if they are "Advanced Specialist No. 1" and an indefinite visa if they are "Advanced Specialist Level 2".